Fitness & Health Dictionary

I bet you’ve stumbled across a word or acronym that made no sense at all when reading health articles at least once or twice. Or maybe it was in one of my blog posts (sorry!).

That will never happen again because I have worked on an awesome fitness dictionary for you which includes a short a description of the most important words and abbreviations from the health and fitness world.

#  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

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1 RM: One rep max. The maximum amount of weight you can lift for 1 rep.

5K: A 5 km race/run. 5 km = 3.1 miles

A

AMRAPAs many reps as possible,

Ana: Anorexia nervosa. An eating disorder characterized by extreme food restriction, irrational fear of gaining weight and a distorted personal body-image.

Antioxidants: Molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules and thereby protects the cell.

B

Barbell: Long bar where you can place weight discs at each end.

BCAA: Branched-Chain Amino Acid.

BF%: Body fat percentage.

(bodyweight - bodyfat)/bodyweight*100%

Bilateral exercise: The exercise is done on both the left and right side at the same time. Opposite of unilateral exercises.

BMI: Body mass index. A measure for human body shape based on an individual’s height and weight. Not a reliable tool for measuring health alone.

BMI = mass(kg)/(height(m)2)= mass(lbs)/(height(in)2) *703

BMR: Basal Metabolism Rate. The amount of energy expended if you spend all day without moving (the energy is used by your vital organs to keep your heart beating and such). What it?s not: Eat this much to lose weight (you need much more in nearly all cases).

BPM: Beats pr. Minute. Unit for measuring the tempo of music.

Fitness and health dictionary - Glossary explaining all the weird words and acronyms from the fitness world

Bulking: Being on a calorie surplus in order to gain muscle mass/weight.

BW: Body weight.

C

C25K: Couch to 5K. A running program for beginners wanting to run 5K.

Cable: Machine consisting of a wheel with a grooved rim in which a pulled rope or chain can run to lift a load.

Calorie: The amount of energy it takes to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius.

Carbohydrates: Not the devil. Macronutrient the body breaks down to glucose, which fuels all bodily functions.

Cardio: Cardiovascular exercise. Exercise that raises your heart rate. Involves the majority of the your muscles.

Circuit training: A circuit consist of multiple exercises that is done in a given sequence for a set period of time or repetitions with little rest between most switches. The circuit is often done multiple times.

CNS: Central Nervous System. Consists of your brain and spinal cord, and is responsible for processing sensory information and executing movements.

Compound moves: Exercises that involves movement over two or more joints (like squat).

Crossfit:  A strength and conditioning method focusing on functional movements performed at a high intensity.

Cross training: An exercise regiment that uses several kinds of training to improve overall performance.

Cutting: Being on a calorie deficit in order to lose fat/weight.

D

DOMS: Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness. When you’re really sore a day or two after your workout.

Dumbbell: Hand weight. Very short bars with weight at each end.

Fitness and health dictionary - Glossary explaining all the weird words and acronyms from the fitness world

E

Eating clean: A clear, objective definition of clean eating does not exist.

EZ bar: a type of barbell, often shorter, and bent in a way that allows you to hold your wrists in a more comfortable position when doing bicep curls.

F

Fat: Macronutrient with a diverse structure and essential for a healthy body. One of fat’s roles is in the human body is protection through insulation and cushioning organs.

Fiber: Dietary fiber. Indigestible carbohydrate (found in food from plants). Helps with preventing constipation and keeps your bowels healthy.

Frontal plane: Divides the body into an anterior and posterior side. Movements typically involve abduction and adduction like in lateral raises and sidebends.

G

GIGlycemic Index.

Gluten:  Protein found in whey, rye, barley and triticale. Not unhealthy unless you’re gluten intolerant [Learn more]

H

HIIT:  High intensity interval training. Alternating between short intervals of high intensity work and low intensity work or resting.

HRM: Heart Rate Monitor. Chest strap and/or watch that measures your heart rate.

Fitness and health dictionary - Glossary explaining all the weird words and acronyms from the fitness world

I

Isolation moves:  Exercises that involves movement over a single joint (think biceps curl – elbow).

Isometric exercise: Static exercise. Exercise where the joint angle and muscle length remains unchanged during contraction (like planks)

K

Keto: Ketogenic diet. A diet extremely low in carbs to make the body go into ketosis.

Kettlebells: Aka girya. A weight formed like a ball with a handle. Good for improving strength, power, coordination and flexibility.

L

LISS: Low Intensity Steady State. Cardio at a low-moderate intensity. Think long & slow.

Fitness and health dictionary - Glossary explaining all the weird words and acronyms from the fitness world

M

Metabolism:  Collection of life-sustaining chemical reactions within the body, including digestion where you break down food to get energy.

METCON: Metabolic Conditioning workout.

Mia: Bulimia nervosa. An eating disorder characterised by binge eating and purging.

O

OHP: Overhead Press. A shoulder exercise where you press a barbell from your chest overhead, standing upright. [Video]

P

Paleo: Paleolithic diet. A diet based on what some people think some people consumed during the Paleolithic era (from ~2.6 mio years ago to ~10 000 BP)

Pilates:  An exercise system developed by Joseph Pilates. It focuses training the body through core strength, flexibility, balance and bodily awareness.

Planes of motionWhen describing movement of the human body, it can be broken down to a movement primarily in one of the three anatomical planes, though at individual joint level, the movement might be in several planes.

Plyometrics: aka plyos, jump training. Exercise involving repeated rapid stretching and contracting of muscles (as by jumping and rebounding) to increase muscle power. [Source]

Powerlifting:  A sport that focus on the three lifts: squat, bench press and deadlift and trying to lift as much weight as possible for a single rep.

PR: Personal record.

Pull movements: When the movement is towards the center of the body while the primary muscle contracts concentrically (think bent over rows, pull ups etc).

Push movements: When the movement is away from the center of the body while the primary muscle contracts concentrically (think bench press, push ups).

Purging: Attempt to get rid of a meal just consumed; can include taking a laxative, vomiting or excessive exercise which is very bad for you.

Protein:  Macronutrient consisting of amino acids. Functions include  building, maintaining and repairing body tissue.

R

Rep: Repetition. Completing the full movement of an exercise.

Resistance training: A method of improving muscular strength or endurance by gradually increasing the ability to resist force through the use of free weights, machines, or the person?s own body weight (strength training, weight lifting, lifting is sometimes used as a synonyms). [Source]

Fitness and health dictionary - Glossary explaining all the weird words and acronyms from the fitness world

S

Sagittal plane: Lateral plane. Divides the body into a right and left side. Movements in this plane is typically flexion and extension like squats and front raises.

Sets: One set is a number of reps done in a row with little to no rest in between.

Smith machine: Machine with a barbell fixed in steel rails so it can only move vertically.

Superset:  Alternating between 2 or more exercises for one set at time with little to no rest in between. The two exercise often targets different muscle groups.

T

Toning: A term often misused. There?s no such thing as toning exercises. You can’t tone your muscles. When you think of toned, what you actually think is more muscle mass (+ less fat).

Transverse plane: Divides the body into an upper and lower part. Movements in this plane involves internal and external rotation like russian twist.

U

Unilateral exercise: Isolate one side (left or right) at the time (think single leg squat). Opposite bilatelral exercises.

W

WOD: Workout Of the Day. Especially used in crossfit.

Y

Yoga: A practice that focuses on both physical and mental exercise. It comes from India, and involves during a series of poses, meditation and breathing techniques.

Fitness and health dictionary - Glossary explaining all the weird words and acronyms from the fitness world

Z

Zumba:  An aerobic type of exercise that combines latin and salsa dance moves.


What’s missing? Let me know in the comments!



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